2013 APSA Awards

APSA is pleased to announce its 2013 awards for excellence in the study, teaching, and practice of politics. The awards will be presented at the 2013 APSA Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL, on Thursday, August 29, 2013, 1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m.


John Seery (Pomona College) will receive the APSA Distinguished Teaching Award to honor outstanding contributions to undergraduate and graduate teaching of political science at two- and four-year institutions. Professor Seery’s teaching career stands out as monumental.  He is the consummate teacher no less in his writing than in the classroom.  In America Goes to College (State University of New York Press, 2002), Seery advocates for the liberal arts in general and for political theory in particular as fundamental to the exploration of ideas, the discovery of community, and the sustenance of intellectual conversation.  In the classroom, his students and colleagues testify, he reconnoiters among the most challenging thinkers of both ancient and modern times, he exemplifies the listening required of true intellectual community, and he leaves students voracious for more.  Seery’s students, many of whom are now recognized political scientists or political theorists in their own right, speak of the transformative impact his teaching has had on their intellectual careers. 

Arthur Lupia (University of Michigan) will receive the Ithiel de Sola Pool Award and Lectureship, which recognizes a scholar who, in the spirit of Professor de Sola Pool, explores the implications of research on issues of politics in a broad range of scholarship.  Professor Lupia truly captures a range of scholarship, nearly unparalleled in the discipline. While he may be best known for his widely cited and influential work on information and public opinion formation, he also has made fundamental contributions to the study of institutions, comparative politics, international relations, and methodology.  Perhaps of equal, if not greater, importance is the collective benefits that Lupia has provided to the social sciences. This includes being the co-founder of Time-sh aring Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS), being the co-PI of the American National Election Studies (ANES), acting as an initial and continuing contributor to the Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models summer program, and playing an active role in the APSA. Moreover, he has served as the political science liaison to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, as well as other organizations. In sum, Lupia’s scholarship and service wonderfully captures that which was inspired by the remarkable contributions of de Sola Pool.  Lupia will deliver the Ithiel de Sola Pool Lecture at the APSA Annual Meeting on the topic, “What is the Public Value of Social Science? Critical Challenges for Researchers and Funders.”

Robert Durant (American University) will receive the John Gaus Award and Lectureship, which recognizes a lifetime of exemplary scholarship in the joint tradition of political science and public administration, and recognizes achievement and encourages scholarship in public administration.  Professor Durant’s illustrious career spans more than 30 years.  He is best known for his contributions to public administration and political science, most especially for his work on environmental governance and the administrative presidency. He has authored or co-authored seven books and more than 100 articles and book chapters, and his scholarship has appeared in leading public administration and political science outlets and has been recognized with best article awards from Public Administration Review, American Review of Public Administration, and Policy Studies Journal as well as outstanding book awards from the American Political Science Association, American Society for Public Administration, and the Academy of Management.  An elected fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration, Durant has also received the American Society for Public Administration’s Dwight Waldo Award (2012) for distinguished scholarly contributions over an extended career and the ASPA/NASPAA Charles H. Levine Memorial Award (2003) for Excellence in Public Administration Research, Teaching, and Service.   Durant will deliver the Gaus Lecture at the APSA Annual Meeting on the topic, “Taking Time Seriously: Progressivism, the Business-Social Science Nexus, and the Paradox of American Administrative Reform.”   

Susan E. Rice (former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, current National Security Advisor) will receive the Hubert H. Humphrey Award, which recognizes the notable public service by a political scientist. Ambassador Rice embodies the commitment to public service that the Humphrey Award was created to honor.  As U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, she earned a reputation for constructive negotiation in the midst of intractable conflict.  She played key peacebuilding roles in post-genocide Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Libya, and Cote D’Ivoire.  As a member of the National Security Council staff, Rice served as the Director for International Organizations and Peacekeeping from 1993-1995.  She subsequently served as Special Assistant to President William J. Clinton and Senior Director for African Affairs at the National Security Council at the White House, 1995-1997.  As the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs from 1997-2001, Rice developed and implemented U.S. policy for 48 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and oversaw the management of 43 U.S. Embassies and more than 5,000 U.S. and Foreign Service national employees. In 2000, Rice was co-recipient of the White House’s 2000 Samuel Nelson Drew Memorial Award for distinguished contributions to the formation of peaceful, cooperative relationships between states. 

Charles Taylor (McGill University) will receive the Benjamin E. Lippincott Award, which honors a work of exceptional quality by a living political theorist that is still considered significant after a time span of at least 15 years since the original publication.  Professor Taylor’s  Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity (Harvard University Press, 1990) remains a widely read, deeply influential, and probing examination of what is by any judgment an issue at the center of political theory – what does it mean to be a self? Taylor argued in large part that modern identity, by divorcing or disengaging selfhood from the question of what it means to have a concept of the good, is sometimes impoverished and unanchored from the search for meaning in the world.  By subjecting the question of identity to historical analysis, but also by engaging in an exercise of philosophical anthropology – trying to unearth and reconstruct prior and competing conceptions of selfhood--Sources of the Self succeeded in illumining pervasive features of modern political cultures and of our attempts to understand those cultures.  The Lippincott Award is supported by the University of Minnesota.

Ezra Klein (The Washington Post) will receive the Carey McWilliams Award, which honors a major journalistic contribution to our understanding of politics. Since starting his first blog in 2003, Mr. Klein has become one of the most important and independently-minded journalists on the political scene. Wonkblog is regarded as the most successful feature of The Washington Post’s online edition, and Klein frequently writes for the print edition of the Post.  Like McWilliams, the longtime Nation editor who wrote about a wide range of social and policy subjects, Klein writes ably about a wide range of political issues, attentive both to the small-scale details of particular policies and the large-scale dynamics of American society. Also like McWilliams, Klein insists on teaching his readers how government actually works, focusing on system- and institutional-level analyses rather than on episodic coverage of individual personalities and interpersonal dramas.  As many have testified, he has a particular talent for writing about complex and arcane policy debates in ways that are both accessible to laypeople and interesting to political scholars. This talent served him particularly well in illuminating the debates surrounding the Affordable Care Act, and in 2010 Klein was named Blogger of the Year by both The Week magazine and the Sidney Hillman Foundation for his writings about health care politics in the United States.  He brings a distinct personality and voice to all of his writing, and he often says things that other journalists are loath to say. In so doing, Klein evinces the independence (and often the irreverence) that make for good political journalism—and journalism that is very much in the tradition of Carey McWilliams and this award.

Kathryn Sikkink (University of Minnesota) will receive the Charles Merriam Award, which recognizes a person whose published work and career represent a significant contribution to the art of government through the application of social science research. Professor Sikkink is a scholar of international human rights and an award-winning writer and teacher with a deep knowledge of the work of activists in promoting justice in Latin America, Europe, and Africa, and a lifetime of involvement in international networks that hold despotic leaders accountable.  Translations of her work into Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic have extended the reach of her ideas around the globe.  Sikkink's most influential works include Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics (Cornell University Press, 1998) (co-authored with Margaret Keck) and The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions are Changing World Politics (W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2011).  Both convey a powerful message about the potential for citizens to hold leaders accountable, even under the worst circumstances.  In her analyses, efforts to promote human rights are not merely "feel-good" exercises but have significant impact on the behavior of international actors.  Throughout her career, Sikkink has built bridges between academic scholarship and human rights practitioners, and as a teacher, she has mentored her students to lead impactful lives and do research that makes a positive difference in the world. Her research not only has brought the influence of new types of international actors and values into the mainstream of scholarship, it has also highlighted successful strategies for targeting NGOs and nation states to bring about greater respect for human rights.  In this regard, Sikkink brings a shadowy world of torture and violence into the light and shows its victims two things:  that they are not alone and that others have succeeded in obtaining justice. 


Lisa Garcia Bedolla (University of California, Berkeley) and Melissa Michelson (Menlo College), and Otto Santa Ana (University of California, Los Angeles) will receive the Ralph J. Bunche Award, which recognizes the best scholarly work in political science published in the previous calendar year that explores the phenomenon of ethnic and cultural pluralism.  Professors Garcia Bedolla and Michelson are recognized for their book, Mobilizing Inclusion: Transforming the Electorate through Get-Out-the Vote Campaigns (Yale University Press, 2012) that explores which get-out-the-vote efforts are successful in organizing electoral turnout in ethnoracial communities.  Their analysis shows that once voters are moved to vote, they are likely to continue to vote.  This increase in political engagement by ethnoracial communities will lead to an expansion of the American electorate. Mobilizing Inclusion is groundbreaking in demonstrating that sociocultural context matters to understand political behavior, particularly in low income ethnoracial communities.  This work is an outstanding example of combining theory and practical politics.

Professor Santa Ana is recognized for his book, Juan in a Hundred:  Representations of Latinos on the Network News (University of Texas Press, 2013) that explores the coverage of Latinos in the news and finds while they were 15% of the nation’s population, only 1% of network news coverage during 2004 dealt with Latinos as the focus of a story.  More disturbing is only that of the few stories that were aired about Latinos, most were negative and perpetuated stereotypes of Latinos in the content or tone.  Juan in a Hundred is a sophisticated and detailed study of television news program and the myths that are created through distorted mass communication.  

Betsy Sinclair (University of Chicago) will receive the Gladys M. Kammerer Award, which recognizes the best political science publication in the field of U.S. national policy published in the previous calendar year.  In The Social Citizen: Peer Networks and Political Behavior (University of Chicago Press, 2012), Professor Sinclair develops and carefully investigates the theory that social pressures influence individual choice in profound yet complex ways.  The key substantive point is that social pressure, not information, is the mechanism by which social context, in the form of political networks, affects behavior. The study makes an important theoretical contribution, forcing a focus away from the individual voter/citizen to explicitly consider this interconnectedness. This work literally turns the field of political behavior on its head: it powerfully demonstrates that the assumption of autonomous choice, so central to our theoretical/modeling approaches and explanations, misses a vitally important element of the process.

Mayra Marx Feree (University of Wisconsin) will receive the Victoria Schuck Award, which recognizes the best book published in the previous calendar year on women and politics.  Professor Feree’s Varieties of Feminism:  German Gender Politics in Global Perspective (Stanford University Press, 2012) investigates the development of German feminism in relationship to the distinctive form and situation of the German state. The book is distinctive for presenting the German case as an example of what feminism looks like when it does not develop in the context of political and economic liberalism, as it did in the United States.  Charting the changes in German feminism that occurred, first, with German unification and then with the emergence of the European Union, Ferree tells the story of how gender, which German feminists understood structurally like class, ultimately morphed into an individualized difference.  Her book deserves a wide readership not only because it contributes new knowledge about 20th-century feminist movements but also for its path breaking theoretical and methodological innovations.

Martin Gilens (Princeton University) will receive the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award, which recognizes the best book published in the U.S. during the previous calendar year on government, politics, or international affairs.  Professor Gilens’s Affluence and Influence:  Economic Inequality and Political Power in America (Princeton University Press and the Russell Sage Foundation, 2012) presents a detailed and sophisticated analysis of the levels of support offered by poor, middle-class, and affluent citizens for policy initiatives proposed between 1981 and 2002. He finds that policies are more responsive to the preferences of the affluent than to middle and lower income groups.  Most importantly, when income groups differ in their preferences, the rich usual prevail.  One major consequence is that economic policies are more conservative than they would be if they reflected the preferences of all Americans.  But on social issues greater responsiveness to the affluent leads to more liberal policies than would otherwise be expected.   Gilens also shows that institutions matter:  influence is less unequal when poor and middle-class Americans have major interest group champions. This award is supported by the Woodrow Wilson Foundation.


Toby Bolsen (Georgia State University), James N. Druckman (Northwestern University), and Fay Lomax Cook (Northwestern University) will receive the Franklin L. Burdette/Pi Sigma Alpha Award, which recognizes the best paper presented at the previous year's annual meeting.  In “When and How Partisan Identification Works,” the authors provide important insights into the nature of partisanship—one of the most important theoretical topics in political behavior.  Among other things, they show that priming subjects to concern themselves with factual information reduces the effect of partisan cues and that the effect of partisanship is smaller when there is cross-party endorsement of a policy. Taking advantage of computerized data that includes how quickly particular questions were completed, they are also able to study response speeds and use that information to judge among competing explanations for how partisan cues affect judgment. Their work also has important implications for how we understand voting in elections and how citizens evaluate policy proposals.

Regina Bateson (Yale University) will receive the Heinz I. Eulau Award, which recognizes the best journal article published in the American Political Science Review during the previous calendar year.  Professor Bateson’s article, "Crime Victimization and Political Participation” (APSR, Volume 106, Issue 03), is a striking paper in several significant respects, including the novel topic and the counterintuitive findings that the life crisis engendered by crime victimization actually contributes to greater political involvement.  Professor Bateson’s study offers a model of fine social science research, and she makes inventive use of several datasets in order to examine her topic around the world.  Her findings offer provocative evidence of the role that personal experiences, such as pain and loss, may bear on the political realm.  We don’t often have the opportunity to celebrate a major social science discovery. Bateson’s article has given us one.

Kathleen Bawn (University of California, Los Angeles), Martin Cohen (James Madison University), David Karol (University of Maryland, College Park), Seth Masket (University of Denver), Hans Noel (Georgetowen University), and John Zaller (University of California, Los Angeles) will receive the Heinz I. Eulau Award, which recognizes  the best journal article published in Perspectives on Politics during the previous calendar year for their article.  In “A Theory of Political Parties:  Groups, Policy Demands and Nominations in American Politics” (Perspectives on Politics, Volume 10, Issue 03), the authors present a fundamental challenge to the reigning view of political parties as teams of politicians seeking to win election. Instead, it argues that U.S. parties are “best understood as coalitions of interest groups and activists seeking to capture and use government for their particular goals.”  Viewed in this light, political parties are not necessarily conducive to a “well-functioning” democracy; to the contrary, their existence raises critical normative issues. This article is a “must-read” for scholars of American politics, and the theory it offers is broader in application, reaching beyond the United States, as well.  


Evgeny Finkel (George Washington University) and Gwyneth McClendon (Harvard University) will share the Gabriel A. Almond Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of comparative politics. Both are superb examples of different paths to excellence in the field of comparative politics.  Professor Finkel’s dissertation, “Victims' Politics:  Jewish Behavior during the Holocaust” (at University of Wisconsin, Madison) brings to bear a broad array of comparative politics literature to the study of the Holocaust. The study debunks the notion of Jews as passive recipients of Nazi perpetration and seeks to systematically understand variation in responses under virtually uniform life-threatening constraints. Finkel finds that the victims' pre-war political and social experiences were decisive. Moreover, the dissertation is beautifully written, in direct--even blunt--language, yet with an admirable detachment and evenhandedness, particularly on the delicate question of occasional Jewish collaboration with the Nazis.

 Professor McClendon’s dissertation, “The Politics of Envy and Esteem in Two Democracies,” (at Princeton University) is a theoretically ambitious thesis that advances the idea that within-group envy motivates citizen preferences on policy (under-)provision. The research design is first class. The author combines comparative case study with survey data and experiments situated in two highly different contexts: South Africa and the United States. McClendon employs a range of methodologies and triangulates with diverse data streams to examine the robustness of her argument—envy rooted in social status differences—against alternative arguments.  Her dissertation is a model of how political scientists can employ sophisticated methodology to serve theory building.

Clayton Nall (Stanford University) will receive the William Anderson Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of state and local politics, federalism, or intergovernmental relations.  Professor Nall’s, “The Road to Conflict:  How the American Highway System Divides Communities and Polarizes Politics”(at Harvard University) demonstrates that the Interstate Highway System, the largest public works program in US history, dramatically changed the American social and political landscape as it opened new vistas to travelers, commerce, and above all migration and settlement.  In this well-crafted presentation, Nall shows how the US Interstate Highway System increased white flight, the polarization of the American electorate, and fostered localized publics favoring policies oriented to suburban development.  In demonstrating these profound consequences, Nall reveals how policies that change the spatial distribution of populations can have powerful effects on politics, the built environment, economic and social class development.

Ezequiel Gonzalez Ocantos (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas) will receive the Edward S. Corwin Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of public law.  Professor Ocantos’s “The Collapse of Impunity in Latin America:  Legal Culture, Strategic Litigation and Judicial Behavior” (at the University of Notre Dame) is a fascinating, theoretically innovated, and richly documented study about the development of human rights institutions and norms in Argentina and Peru. Drawing from an exhaustive amount of fieldwork, interviews, and archival analysis, Ocantos breaks new ground by illuminating the inner-workings of judicial actors in crafting innovative and often controversial legal response in the absence of political and procedural hurdles. Ocantos powerfully balances obstacles to reform with the profound ways in which foundational changes in legal norms can occur through the role of individual activism. As such, the dissertation alerts us to the critical work of litigators and movements in being able to push even institutionally bounded judicial actors to make dramatic advancements in human rights.

Nicholas Carnes (Duke University) will receive the Harold D. Lasswell Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of policy studies.  Professor Carnes’s “By the Upper Class, For the Upper Class? Representational Inequality and Economic Policymaking in the United States,” (at Princeton University) is an extraordinary, well written dissertation, that is already appearing in leading journals and a new book with the University of Chicago Press. Carnes addresses a deceptively straightforward question: Does it matter that most politicians in the United States are considerably better off than the people they represent? He finds that legislators from different classes tend to think, vote, and advocate differently on economic issues. In the aggregate, the numerical underrepresentation of the working class skews the policymaking process towards outcomes that tend to reflect the upper class’s economic preferences. These findings broaden our understanding of how personal traits influence legislative behavior, contribute to the literature on representation, and highlight an important and often-overlooked source of inequalities in political influence in the United States.  This award is supported by the Policy Studies Organization.

Aila Matanock (University of California, Berkeley) will receive the Helen Dwight Reid Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of international relations, law and politics.  Professor Matanock’s “International Insurance:  Why Militant Groups and Governments Compete with Ballots Instead of Bullets,”(at Stanford University) asks an interesting and timely question: What are the conditions under which militant groups will participate in post-conflict elections, forming political parties instead of returning to violence?  The question helps to identify a crucial missing piece of the puzzle about the role of post-conflict elections in securing peace. Matanock argues persuasively that both governments and militant groups can use elections to bring in outsiders to guarantee outcomes, providing “insurance” for the commitments both parties make. She carefully tests commitment theory against alternatives using an original dataset of different types of militant groups – terrorist, insurgent and guerrilla – worldwide between 1980 and 2010. Her results are bolstered by extensive interviews with representatives of all sides, including militants themselves, in Colombia and elsewhere.

Jon Rogowski (Washington University of St. Louis) will receive the E. E. Schattschneider Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of American government.  Professor Rogowski’s “Representation and the Electoral Connection,” (at the University of Chicago) through three outstanding papers, pushes forward our understanding of the causes and consequences of legislative polarization.  Each entails innovative empirical analysis of this important and timely topic.  In the first paper, Rogowski develops a database of the campaign platforms of more than 2500 congressional candidates and 6500 state legislative candidates to assess whether the primary system affects the ideological extremism of the platforms, and finds that it does not.  In the second paper, Rogowski examines the relationship between turnout and candidate polarization, and shows that candidate divergence reduces turnout. The third paper then links candidate platforms to legislators’ behavior in office.  In particular, Rogowski examines whether legislators’ roll call voting is more ideologically extreme than their campaign platforms, and finding that it is, proceeds to analyze the extent to which voters punish them for this behavior.  

Alin Fumurescu (Tulane University) will receive the Leo Strauss Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of political philosophy.  In “Compromise and Representation:  A Split History of Early Modernity,” (at Indiana University Bloomington) Professor Fumurescu’s treatment of the development of the concept of compromise in modern Western political thought is both obviously timely and strikingly original.  Based on historical and textual scholarship that is both deep and broad, Fumurescu gives us a theoretically sophisticated history of this oddly under-theorized concept, and relates that history to contemporary democratic politics with clarity and elegance. The dissertation reads like a mature work from a major scholar, and should become a strong contribution to the ongoing project of understanding modern democratic politics.   

Deondra E. Rose (University of Notre Dame) will receive the Leonard D. White Award, which recognizes the best doctoral dissertation in the field of public administration.   Rose’s “The Development of U.S. Higher Education Policy and its Impact on the Gender Dynamics of American Citizenship,” (at Cornell University) is an analysis of both policy formation and policy impact that assesses the determinants of federal higher education policy at mid-twentieth century, as well as the impact of those policies on women’s educational achievement and political participation.  Rose presents a nuanced and multi-faceted approach to assessing the origins and consequences of progressive educational reform on women’s educational attainment and political engagement in the United States.  The dissertation is impressive in its scope and depth, and it sheds new light on the dynamics of gender policies and their impact.  This award is supported by the University of Chicago.


Howard Silver (Consortium of Social Science Associations) and Michael Brintnall (American Political Science Association) will each receive the Frank J. Goodnow Award, which recognizes distinguished service to the development of the political science profession and the building of the American Political Science Association.  

Howard Silver has been executive director of the Consortium of Social Science Associations for 25 years and he has been central to COSSA’s success in two major areas: 1) advocating for and trying to protect government funding for the social sciences; and 2) promoting the value of social science research to those both in and outside of government. COSSA has been at the forefront lobbying for social science funding within the federal government, including working to sustain funding for the social sciences at the National Science Foundation and creating an office of behavioral science at the National Institutes of Health. Along these lines, Silver was instrumental in helping retain funding for the American National Election Studies. He has also worked through COSSA to inform people in Congress and in the federal bureaucracy about the value of political and social science research for understanding key issues facing the nation and the world. As one nominator wrote, Silver has “been our loudest voice in Washington in advocating governmental support for the social sciences and for acknowledging its important role in advancing the health of our society and our democracy.” 

Michael Brintnall has been executive director of the American Political Science Association since 2002. In his first Executive Director’s Report, he highlighted three areas he wanted to develop within the APSA: 1) improving support for teaching; 2) doing more to support and engage academic departments in APSA procedures; and 3) doing more in the international arena. Brintnall has done an incredible job in all three areas. His emphasis on teaching and learning and the related programs he instituted truly stand out as major accomplishments. One such program is the Teaching and Learning Conference (TLC) held each year to bring teachers of political science together to discuss issues related to pedagogy and curriculum and to share research on teaching. The APSA under Brintnall has also stepped up its recognition of excellence in teaching, made available resources for teachers, and supported the publication from the Political Science Education section of a journal, the Journal of Political Science Education. The emphasis on teaching and learning and the broadening of the association’s base are extremely important for the future of the APSA and Brintnall’s efforts on their behalf cannot be understated.  He has also been devoted to increasing the resources available to departments.  And he has been unstinting in his efforts to make the APSA a truly international organization, gaining a name for itself not just in the United States but around the world. The APSA has more international members than ever before and is widely regarded as a top academic organization.  Brintnall’s service to the APSA has been exemplary.


APSA also wishes to recognize Professor Brian M. Harward (Allegheny College), recipient of the CQ Press Award for Teaching Innovation in Political Science that recognizes a political scientist who has developed an effective new approach to teaching in the discipline. Harward is the director of a campus partnership with the Robert H. Jackson Center, which is based upon a model of service-learning and student research and is embedded into specific courses, the departmental curriculum and the campus mission. His innovative approach demonstrates how political science faculty, their departments, and their campuses can expose students to experiential learning, reinforce curricular priorities and desired proficiencies, and provide essential skill experience, while meeting the needs of external organizations. Harward will be acknowledged at the APSA Reception Honoring Teaching on Friday, August 30, 2013, 7:30 p.m.-9:00 p.m. 


More than 100 organized section awards are given annually to honor dissertations, papers, articles, books, and career achievement. The list of these 2013 award winners is available here. 


Media Contact:  Jennifer Segal Diascro, American Political Science Association, Director of Institutional Programs, at press@apsanet.org or 202-483-2518.

Founded in 1903, the American Political Science Association is the leading professional organization for the study of political science and serves more than 15,000 members in over 80 countries. With a range of programs and services for individuals, departments, and institutions, APSA brings together political scientists from all fields of inquiry, regions, and occupational endeavors within and outside academe to expand awareness and understanding of politics.